psychologists, counsellors, etc... and scopes of practice
According to the HPCSA (Health Professions Council of South Africa),
psychotherapists' training can be broken down into the following categories:
- Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and intervene in order to alleviate or contain relatively serious forms of psychological distress and psychopathology, or what is commonly referred to as "abnormal" behaviour.
- Counselling psychologists assist relatively well-adjusted people in dealing with normal problems of life concerning all stages and aspects of a person’s existence in order to facilitate desirable psychological adjustment, growth, and maturity.
- Educational psychologists assess, diagnose and intervene in order to facilitate the psychological adjustment and development of children and adolescents within the contexts of family, school, social or peer groups and communities.
- Industrial psychologists apply the principles of psychology to issues related to the work situation of relatively well-adjusted adults in order to optimise individual, group and organisational well-being and effectiveness.
- Research psychologists address any of the above professional categories, not to render services to the public in that field, but to apply research methods and techniques in order to contribute to the knowledge base of that particular field.
- Registered Counsellors are a new addition to the HPCSA registration categories and are therefore relatively unknown to the public. The key difference between Registered Counsellors and the above psychologists is that counsellors are focused on short-term interventions at the primary curative/preventative levels across the scope of psychology.
- Psychometrists are professionals trained in the administration, scoring and reporting of various assessment instruments that can be utilised in a wide variety of contexts.
- Social Workers are trained to provide psychological counselling, guidance and assistance. All social workers on this website are required to be members of SAASWIPP (South African Association of Social Workers in Private Practice).
NB: Please bear in mind that these categories/scopes of practice are NOT exclusive or comprehensive, since a therapist may have more experience in some fields than others by having specialized in a certain type of therapy or problem area.